Data Synchronization


Flotta agent and Operator provide functionality of bidirectional synchronization of contents between on-device directories and control-plane object storage. User can choose between in-cluster OCS storage or external storage. OCS takes precedence over external storage. The architecture of that solution is depicted by the diagrams below.

OCS storage

Object Bucket Claim

The objects uploaded from the edge device are stored in a device-dedicated Object Bucket Claim. Object Bucket Claim is provisioned when a device is registered with the cluster. The OBC is created in the same namespace and with the same name as EdgeDevice it’s created for.


The Object Bucket Claim is exposed with S3 API and can be accessed with any client that supports that protocol (i.e. AWS S3 CLI and libraries).

Information needed to access the Bucket using S3 API is stored in following resources in the same namespace as the OBC (and EdgeDevice):

  • ConfigMap with the same name as the OBC contains the Bucket name and in-cluster service endpoint address;
  • Secret with the same name as the OBC contains AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY.

External S3 storage

You can use any S3 storage server for data upload. In order to configure storage for the device you need to do the following:

  • configure EdgeDevice
  • create storage configuration resources

Configuring EdgeDevice

The storage configuration is taken from a user supplied ConfigMap and Secret. Both resources must be located in the same namespace as the EdgeDevice. These resources are specified in the ‘’ section. Here’s an example of EdgeDevice with storage configuration:

  namespace: edgedevice-namespace
  requestTime: "2021-10-19T18:13:04Z",
      configMapName: "s3configmap-name",
      secretName: "s3secret-name",

Configuration resources

Here are examples of the resources:


apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
  name: s3configmap-name
  namespace: edgedevice-namespace
  BUCKET_NAME: device-bucket-6
  BUCKET_PORT: "443"
  BUCKET_REGION: us-east-1


apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
  name: s3secret-name
  namespace: edgedevice-namespace
type: Opaque
  AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID: eWRheWFnaTEzNjk= # should be base64 encoded
  AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY: eWRheWFnaTEzNjk= # should be base64 encoded
  tls.crt: LS0tLS1CRUdJTiBDRVJUSUZJQ0FURS0tLS0tCk1JSUZDVEND... # optional

S3 server for development and testing

You can use as an S3 storage server. Use minioadmin as username and password or check this page for the updated username (access key) and password (secret key). The region of the bucket will probably be us-east-1. Go to Settings for viewing and editing the region.

Bi-directional configuration

The Flotta agent periodically downloads configuration from the Flotta operator and part of that configuration is data paths mapping for data synchronization from the edge device to the S3 storage - specified in each EdgeWorkload:

      - source: local/upload/log
        target: remote/log
      - source: local/upload/telemetry
        target: remote/telemetry
      - source: remote/data
        target: local/download/data

Each egress item specifies which on-device directory (source) should be synchronized to which directory (target). source directory is always a subdirectory of a “well-known” /export directory in every container running on the device.

At the same time, the ingress pair specifies the data paths for the downstream data synchronization between the remote storage and the device. The source field defines the directory in the S3 storage that will be used as synchronization source point, whereas the target directory determines the end point inside the device where the content will be synchronized to. Note that currently there are no controls in place to control how much storage is being consumed by the ingress synchronization, which can lead to the device storage being filled due to the ingress synchronization process.

Ingress and egress data synchronizations are independent from each other and are not required to be defined together in the workload manifest. You can have workloads that only import (ingress) or export (egress), or both like in this example.

The /export directory is shared among containers of one workload (pod), but different workloads (pods) have them separate; each workload has /export directory backed by different host path volume. It is added automatically and should not be part of the EdgeWorkload.

The device configuration provided by the Flotta operator also contains S3 connection details (endpoint URL, bucket name, keys) for connecting to a bucket.



kind: EdgeWorkload
  name: os-stats
      dc: home
      - source: stats
        target: statistics
  type: pod
        - name: stats-collector

Pod specification used to run the workload (generated):

kind: Pod
  creationTimestamp: null
  name: os-stats
  - image:
    name: stats-collector
    resources: {}
    - mountPath: /export
      name: export-os-stats
  - hostPath:
      path: /var/local/yggdrasil/device/volumes/os-stats
      type: DirectoryOrCreate
    name: export-os-stats```

In this case on-device /export/stats directory will be synced to a statistics subdirectory in the bucket.

Upload files

The Flotta agent synchronizes paths specified in the configuration every 15 seconds. Only new or changed files are transferred.

Files removed on the device are not removed from the storage. Unregistering the device will remove the used storage.